This week’s update from the Marine Analytical Unit has been published, featuring a guest article about the Economic Contribution of the Core Marine Sector.
December 5, 2013
In November, Ian Davies joined an SDI mission to the annual meeting of Marine Renewables Canada in Ottawa. The trail had already been blazed by Phil Gilmour and Rob Watret who had visited Ottawa in the last couple of years. Canada has considerable potential for marine renewables, with wave power in the west and the huge tides available in the Bay of Fundy. However, Scotland is much further down the road, with planning and licensing functions organised, a working test centre, and commercial projects coming forward for licensing.
Highlights of the event were:
• The enthusiasm of the Nova Scotia Energy Minister for tidal power
• The strong desire of NS Government and researchers to collaborate with Scotland
• The parallels between their concerns over striped bass and ours over salmon
• The strong emphasis on community-scale renewables projects in a national climate dominated by oil, coal and hydro power.
I hope that there will be a delegation from Canada at the EIMR conference in Stornoway in April/May next year.
David Bova from the MS Licensing Operations Team attended a Deep water wind farms seminar focusing on the technical and commercial viability of deep water offshore wind. The event was organised by IBC Energy as part of their Offshore Wind Series of seminars and conferences; and was held at Dexter House, Royal Mint Court, London.
The seminar was well attended, with a range of delegates present from insurers, financiers, survey companies, foundation suppliers, O&M vessel suppliers, regulators, bankers, risk management advisors, Carbon Trust representatives, and lawyers.
The programme covered the spectrum of UK Round 3 project issues with presentations on: financing, project risk management, the Offshore Wind Accelerator programme, Electricity Market Review, supply chain, foundation design and solution types, and environmental issues.
Discussion sessions focussed on possible constraints to delivery of UK Round 3 projects, in-particular: financing, supply chain and fabrication limitations in the current UK infrastructure, delivery of the 2020 target for electricity production, implications of moving from Renewables Obligations to the proposed Electricity Market Reform structure, the context of deep water factors on foundation design, and the environmental footprints of arrays.
A selection of interesting presentation can be found below:
Article by David Bova
The Carbon Trust’s offshore wind accelerator (OWA) has been commissioned by the leading offshore wind developers in the UK, The Crown Estate, Marine Scotland and Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) to form the Offshore Renewables Joint Industry Programme (ORJIP). The programme has been created to reduce the consenting risks for large-scale offshore wind farms during the Round 3 and Scottish Territorial Waters processes and beyond.
The programme will see £3m of public and private sector funding invested in research over the next three years. The work will generate scientific evidence to provide greater certainty on the potential environmental impacts of offshore wind developments, in order to reduce consenting risks for developers. This work is important for future offshore wind developments from 2017 onwards.
ORJIP will initially focus on two work streams, namely:
The programme also aims to identify and run further research projects to de-risk offshore renewables project applications, which may include topics such as:
Read more about ORJIP here
Article by Ian Davies
Ian Davies and David Pratt went to the above in Brussels. The recent EC Regulations covering Projects of Common Interest (PCI) outline the framework for progressing key European energy infra-structure projects with an interest from two or more Member States, ensuring they progress through the planning and licensing processes in a streamlined and efficient manner.
The Commission’s key note speech emphasised the importance of electrical grid development to the functioning of the internal energy market, security of supply and sustainability. A Ten Year Network Development Plan (TYNDP) has been developed, and includes links between Scottish west coast islands, and a link to Norway. 5.8bn € will be available between 2014 – 2020 to support PCIs through grants for studies/ financial instruments and, in exceptional cases, for works. Guidance on good regulatory practice will be issued in the next few months.
Why did MS attend? Because we are about to start a strategic planning initiative for offshore grid, as we have done for wind, wave and tidal energy. And it was also an opportunity to promote the innovative approach to consenting being taken by Scottish Government and Marine Scotland.
If you want to learn more about the Renewable Grid Initiative, go to http://www.renewables-grid.eu
For info on the PCI process, look at http://ec.europa.eu/energy/infrastructure/pci/pci_en.htIan Davies and David Pratt
Link to Scotland Europa’s Insight Europe Issue VIII 2013 page 14-15.
Article by Ian Davies & David Pratt
21 project partners from 13 countries and 9 case studies covered all marine areas of EU seas, with one case study focusing on the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Marine Spatial Plan (MSP). Kate Johnson; Sandy Kerr; Jonathan Side from Herriot Watt University coordinated the Scottish case study for this project.
Copies of the presentations can be found here
Article by Andronikos Kafas
To celebrate the 10thanniversary of the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC), a symposium was held in Orkney with a programme of site visits prior to and after the main event. EMEC was established in 2003 and is currently the only test centre of its kind in the world, providing 14 berths for both tidal and wave converters.
The symposium was well attended and the presentations reflected the international interest in the marine renewables and the challenges faced. It was also obvious to see how far ahead Scotland is with this form of energy technology. There was a large international representation with delegates from a number of countries including: Canada, China, Denmark, France, Ireland, Netherlands, Singapore, Spain & USA (Hawaii), along with a selection of established (on site) developers. MS-LOT representatives, Jim McKie and Billy Harris attended the symposium where Jim was also a guest speaker.
Most of the international delegates arrived on Tuesday 15th October and attended a drinks reception organised by Orkney Islands Council (OIC). On Wednesday 16th tours were organised to visit the various EMEC test sites followed by an excellent ‘Taste of Orkney’ evening meal. On Thursday 17th everyone met at the St Magnus Centre, Kirkwall where Neil Kermode, Managing Director of EMEC welcomed everybody and outlined the day’s programme of presentations.
The first talk was given by Chris Stark, Head of SG Electricity Division. The talk focused on innovative Government support to advance ocean energy development. Highlands & Islands Enterprise (HIE) followed with a talk on infrastructure and investment. Jennifer Norris, Research Director of EMEC gave a talk on the test centres and the path to real sea deployment. Jim McKie then followed with his first talk of the day, on regulatory challenges, stakeholder engagement, data collection from test site deployments and the importance of a national test centre. EMEC personnel followed with several talks on Research and Monitoring at the test sites. A series of speed updates were given by Pelamis Wave Power, Open Hydro, TGL, Aquamarine Power, Scotrenewables and Seatricity. It was refreshing to hear one of the developers openly informing everyone that they did have teething problems with some components which have been rectified. This openness can only help to advance the technology and stifle the cloak and dagger image. A Q&A panel discussion for the delegates was held before lunch.
The afternoon session started with an informative session regarding H&S procedures and protocols by Stuart Baird, Operations Director at EMEC and Alexis George, H&S Manager for The Crown Estate highlighting TCE’s responsibility to ensure that proper H&S is carried out at their leased sites. Northern Lighthouse Board (NLB) and Jim McKie followed with presentations on IALA (The International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation) and observations on operation of a test centre, through the use of such tools as ScotMap and Strategic Area Navigational Assessment Paper (SANAP – more information from Tracy McCollin and David O’Sullivan). A further delegates Q&A session was taken before a summary of feedback was given and outlines on the way forward.
Finally, plans to set up an international ocean energy network will be launched, following this conference. The need for increased connectivity was highlighted by those taking part, to help develop the industry further.
Copy of the presentation can be found here.
On 16th September 2013, the Minister for Energy, Enterprise & Tourism Fergus Ewing announced that he had awarded consent under Section 36 of the Electricity Act 1989 to MeyGen Limited to construct and operate a tidal array situated in the Inner Sound of the Pentland Firth. The first phase of the development has a total generating capacity of 86 MW and will be constructed in stages to allow extensive monitoring of the turbines and their interactions with the environment which will be used to inform future stages of development.
The consent included a number of conditions including one which permits subsequent stages of development to be constructed only after appropriate monitoring has been carried out. Other conditions of the consent include the development and implementation of a Environmental Management Plan, a Vessel Management Plan, a Project Environmental Monitoring Programme and the establishment of an Advisory Group which will oversee and provide advice on the plans.
The first stage of the development is to be no more than six turbines as assessments undertaken by the company and advisors including Scottish Natural Heritage and Marine Scotland Science predicted that a deployment of more than six turbines would lead to an adverse impact on the current harbour seal population within the Orkney and North Coast Management Unit. By limiting the initial stage of deployment to six turbines these predicted impacts can be avoided and the aforementioned monitoring programme will seek to monitor the interactions between the turbines and Harbour seals as well as other key receptors.
The 86 MW development is the first phase in the Meygen project which the company hopes will eventually be capable of generating approximately 400 MW.
The full submission to the Minister can be read here.
Article by Andrew Sutherland
December 3, 2013
by Andronikos Kafas
The Crown Estate published a report which gives details of the seabed areas which has been defined as demonstration zones for the leasing process for wave and tidal test and demonstration projects from 2013 onwards.
Seven demonstration zones have been defined across the UK:
The purpose and objectives of defining the zones is described, along with an explanation of how these zones will be offered for development. The zone locations are illustrated by a series of maps, each with a table of characteristics, features and other information which describe the zones. Finally, subsequent steps in the leasing process are outlined, along with how the information provided during the process will be used.
Download the report here.
December 3, 2013
by Andronikos Kafas
The Hywind project will see the five turbines operate in waters several miles from land in a move towards creating an economically viable scheme. It comes after the Crown Estate granted an agreement to Norwegian firm Statoil. Scottish Finance Secretary John Swinney has welcomed the deal, saying it was a step towards harnessing a big resource.Statoil senior vice president for renewable energy, Siri Espedal Kindem, said: “It represents a new step in the development towards a future floating commercial-scale park.”
Hywind in a nutshell:
In September 2009, Statoil installed a floating turbine 10 kilometres off Norway’s south-west coast. Its Hywind project supports a 2.3MW Siemens turbine and is in water depths of 200 metres.